Gag Grouper

Gag Grouper
Gag Grouper



Brownish gray in color with dark, worm-like side markings.  Fins are dark, with anal and caudal having a white margin.  Lack of brassy spots as found on black grouper. Slightly concave tail, and noticable spur located on the preopercle.


Adults inhabit rocky bottoms, reefs and drop-off walls in water over 60 feet deep; young occur inshore in waters around seagrass beds, mangrove forests and hard-bottom communities. 


Grouper are born as females but can later become male.  Gag and red grouper are the most widely distributed of the Florida groupers. Goliath and Nassau grouper are protected from harvest in Florida waters.  Grouper spawn between January and May with some of the more tropical species spawning year-round.

State Record:

80 lb 6 oz, caught near Destin

Fishing Tips and Facts:

Grouper fishing from a boat typically involves baits fished near the bottom, with heavy tackle and heavier to bring grouper to the surface. Live fish or dead cut or whole bait are used. Grouper are very tasty meals. 

 Credit:  Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission

 Image Credit: Diane Rome Peebles